What Is Occupational Neuropathy? How To Recognize?

What Is Occupational Neuropathy? How To Recognize?

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1. Learn About Occupational Neuropathy

First of all, you need to know, what is the nervous system in the body? This is an organ system with an important role. They are present at all locations of agencies and coordinate the activities of those agencies. Occupational neurological diseases are mainly caused by heavy metal poisoning or injuries during occupational activities. Through the process of accumulation, heavy metals cause poisoning, damage nerves, nerve cells and cause this organ system to gradually "die". This leads to occupational neuropathy.

2. Causes Of Occupational Neuropathy

Each occupation always has potential dangers that affect health in many different ways. With some specific occupational groups related to chemicals, metals, etc., the risk of poisoning is higher and causes long-term effects on the nervous system:

2.1. Some Main Causes Of Neurotoxicity

The cause of neurotoxicity is often due to the patient inhaling air and dust containing heavy metals. Typically, these components are very low in the air. However, in toxic working environments, the rate of dust and smoke containing heavy metals is very high. Long-term exposure to and inhalation of this toxic dust accumulates, causing damage to the nervous system and causing disease.

2.2. Groups Susceptible To Occupational Neuropathy
People working in toxic working environments are at high risk of heavy metal poisoning. Typically:

* People working in industries are regularly exposed to mercury, lead, esen, manganese, etc.
* People working in the petroleum industry are susceptible to organic lead poisoning.
* People who work in ore and gold mining, gemstone processing, thermometers, barometers, electronic conductors, pharmaceuticals, preservatives, leather processing, etc. are susceptible to mercury poisoning.
* People working in the glass manufacturing, leather, electronics, etc. industries are susceptible to arsenic poisoning.
* People working in the steel industry, ceramics, chemicals, etc. are at high risk of manganese poisoning.

3. Symptoms Of People With Occupational Neuropathy
Patients with occupational neuropathy will often have the following symptoms:

* Eye pain, decreased vision, blurred vision, increased pharyngeal secretions.
* There are signs of nausea and vomiting if the blood is poisoned, and convulsions appear.
* Patients are not alert, have reduced ability to reason, lose memory, and have communication disorders.

Depending on the disease condition and the type of heavy metal poisoning in each group of patients, the disease manifestations will be different. But in general, patients in this group have very unusual signs of health, alertness, and functional disorders due to direct effects from the nervous system. This disease seriously affects the health and life of patients.

4. Is Occupational Neuropathy Dangerous?
The nervous system governs all activities of the body's organs. If the nervous system is poisoned due to occupational activities or for any other reason, it will cause serious effects on the patient's health:

4.1. Severity Of The Disease

Occupational neuropathy is classified as serious. Nervous system poisoning quickly causes damage to the brain and transmission pathways. They cause metabolic disorders and damage axons. This leads to deterioration or loss of function of many organs in the body. At severe levels, the disease can cause serious mental disorders.

4.2. Consequences Of Occupational Neuropathy

If not detected early and treated properly, the disease can cause very serious consequences. Especially leading to dangerous diseases such as: purulent meningitis, encephalitis, chronic meningitis, brain abscess, etc. When the disease becomes severe, it can progress quickly, endangering the patient's life.

5. Diagnosis and treatment of occupational neuropathy

When patients have signs of neurotoxicity or signs of dysfunction of some organs, when they come for examination, they will have to be diagnosed and find the cause of the disease. Have the right treatment direction:

5.1. Diagnosis Method

The doctor conducts a clinical examination, asks about medical history, and makes an initial diagnosis. Next, a blood count test, brain CT scan, lumbar puncture, chest X-ray, immunofluorescence and agglutination, etc. can be determined. nervous system and dysfunction of organs in the body. Especially looking for causes and factors causing poisoning and damage to the nervous system.

5.2. Treatment

Patients with mild cases must be instructed to stop activities exposed to environments that can cause poisoning. At the same time, use antidotes, anticonvulsants, etc. Depending on the condition and level of damage, the patient is given a reasonable treatment regimen that is most likely to respond to treatment. In addition, after treatment, patients need to follow certain principles to prevent the possibility of reinfection.

To prevent occupational neuropathy caused by poisoning, people working in high-risk environments should note: comply with measures to ensure occupational safety, use labor protection equipment, and strengthen protective measures. knowledge about heavy metal poisoning. If you notice any signs of possible inhalation of toxic gases or abnormalities in the nervous system, you need to go for a specialist examination at a reputable medical facility to assess the condition and handle it promptly.