What Is Acute Leukemia? How To Recognize And Prevent?

What Is Acute Leukemia? How To Recognize And Prevent?

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1. What Is Acute Leukemia?

Acute leukemia is a disease that occurs when blood cells in the patient's body become cancerous during blood cell production. They multiply very quickly, hindering and making the process of forming normal blood cells not take place easily. Therefore, the disease has the ability to cause the patient to lose his or her life in just a period of time lasting from a few weeks to a few months.
On the contrary, if the patient is treated early and with the right method, it can significantly improve the outcome as well as contribute to minimizing the rate at which the patient's life is threatened. 
Regarding the cause of acute leukemia, up to now it has not been possible to find go out. 
However, it is necessary to pay attention to some risk factors that can increase the incidence of disease such as long-term exposure to radiation or chemicals; some viruses such as HTLV 1, HTLV 2;...

In particular, this disease is not single but includes many types of diseases. Among them, there are two main types:
* Acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
* Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). 

2. What Are The Symptoms of Acute Leukemia?

Typically, symptoms of this condition may occur because normal blood cell types in the marrow are not produced enough. In addition, with the ability of cancerous cells to spread far and wide, symptoms can also appear in many different organs of the patient's body. At the same time, each patient case and certain disease stage may also have different symptoms.
In particular, the specific groups of symptoms of the disease are as follows:

2.1. Symptoms of Infection

This symptom is combined with the body's reduced number of white blood cells in the peripheral blood. White blood cells take on the role of protecting the body against pathogens. Therefore, when the number of these blood cells decreases, it will make it difficult for the body to fight against disease-causing factors. From there, it leads to a risk of infection with symptoms such as fever or skin infection or infection in a certain organ in the body such as the respiratory system (mouth ulcers, throat ulcers, pneumonia).

2.2. Symptoms of Anemia

The cause of this anemia symptom comes from a decrease in the number of red blood cells - blood cells that play the role of transporting oxygen to the entire body.Therefore, when there is a deficiency in the number of red blood cells, it will lead to a lack of oxygen in the body's organs. This causes the patient to experience rapid heartbeat, palpitations, rapid breathing or shortness of breath when exercising. Along with that, you also face dizziness, fatigue, pale skin,...

2.3. Risk of Bleeding

Risk of bleeding is a typical symptom of reduced platelet count. These are blood cells responsible for stopping bleeding; Therefore, if the patient's body faces a shortage of platelets, it will increase the risk of bleeding, even from minor injuries. At that time, you may see some signs such as:

  • Appearance of dots, small bleeding spots or bruises under the skin.

  • Bleeding from nose and gums

  • If severe, there can be internal bleeding: gastrointestinal bleeding, urinary bleeding with signs of bloody stools, etc.

2.4. Symptoms Related to Leukemia Cell Proliferation

For this group of symptoms, there may be manifestations such as enlargement of the body's internal organs such as the liver and spleen. If there is invasion of the central nervous system, it is likely to cause headaches and vomiting. 

3. How can acute leukemia be prevented?

Because the cause of acute leukemia has not been clearly found, the way to help prevent the disease is not really specific. In particular, you should mainly apply the following:

  • Limit work or activities that require exposure to radiation or chemicals. If you must come into contact with them, you should wear protective clothing to help keep your body safe.

  • Maintain an active and scientific lifestyle.

  • You should participate in sports activities and exercise to train your body and increase resistance to help you fight disease-causing factors most effectively. 

  • Ensure the balance of nutrients in each daily meal.

  • Go to reputable medical facilities or hospitals to perform regular health checks, and maintain them regularly every year.

Through the above article, readers have been provided with some knowledge about acute leukemia. With such a rapidly progressing malignancy, it is important to detect the disease early. Then, promptly conducting treatment according to the correct method will contribute to better treatment results. To do so, we need to be alert to any worrying abnormalities in the body and quickly see a doctor as soon as possible.