Severe  Fatty Liver: Symptoms, Causes And Complications

Severe Fatty Liver: Symptoms, Causes And Complications

Richy PS
14:272024/06/13

1. What is severe fatty liver?

Severe fatty liver is when fatty liver has reached level 3, the most severe stage of this disease. When excess fat in the liver accounts for over 30% of the liver's weight, this can be considered severe fatty liver. At this stage, excess fat accumulates almost all over the liver, limiting the metabolism and blood transport of this organ. Severe fatty liver condition is one of the warning signs of the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer if not detected early and treated properly.

Fatty Liver: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Severe fatty liver with excess fat occupying most of the liver area

2. Symptoms of severe fatty liver

Fatty liver is a disease that is difficult to detect by symptoms, instead it is often determined when the patient has a regular health check. period. However, severe fatty liver disease often shows more obvious symptoms such as:

* Frequent fatigue.
* Loss of appetite, loss of appetite.
* Persistent vomiting or nausea.
* Pain when pressing on the right lower quadrant.
* Skin color and eyes are yellowish.
* Sudden weight loss.

The severity of the above symptoms is often different for each patient's condition. In some cases, patients do not have any signs and are only discovered when performing routine tests.

3. Causes of severe fatty liver

Severe fatty liver often comes from many different causes such as:

3.1. Frequent use of alcohol

When consuming alcohol or other alcoholic beverages, the liver has the function of decomposing and eliminating toxins. However, when you drink too much and for a long time, your liver will be overloaded. From there, it causes fat accumulation in the liver due to increased fatty acid esters and bad triglyceride fats. At the same time, regular consumption of alcohol also affects the process of reducing fatty acid oxidation, causing increased fat storage and limiting fat excretion due to the inhibition of lipoprotein synthesis.

Fatty liver disease: Symptoms, causes, risks, and treatment

Alcohol abuse is the leading cause of fatty liver

3.2. Using medication incorrectly as prescribed

Using antibiotics, anti-inflammatory steroids, corticosteroids, pain relievers paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprophen, vitamin A too much... is also a cause of liver diseases, especially when The patient did not use it as directed. Because drugs entering the body must undergo elimination in the liver, however, when used incorrectly, it will cause the liver to overwork, leading to damage to liver cells and impaired function.

3.3. Unscientific diet

Poor daily diet is the leading factor at risk of causing severe fatty liver. Regularly consuming foods containing unhealthy fats and cholesterol such as deep-frying, greasy stir-frying, fatty meat, animal organs, foods high in sugar, starch, etc. can easily cause liver function problems. affect.

Next-Generation Fats and Oils for Snack and Bakery R&D | Prepared Foods

A diet high in fat, starch, and sugar causes excess fat accumulation

3.4. Overweight and obese

People who are overweight or obese have a higher rate of fatty liver disease and at the same time, complications of the disease can progress more quickly. Especially for people with a lot of belly fat, a large waist circumference not only easily causes fatty liver but can affect a number of other organs due to excess fat compression.

3.5. Genetic factors

In addition to common causes such as alcohol abuse, being overweight, and poor diet, genetic factors are also one of the causes of mild to severe fatty liver. In families where parents or grandparents have liver diseases or fatty liver not caused by alcohol or diet, the next generations also have a higher incidence of this disease.

3.6. Skip treatment when fatty liver is mild

Most fatty liver is detected and diagnosed through periodic testing based on hematological indicators. Therefore, some patients have signs or indicators of mild fatty liver levels 1 and 2 but subjectively do not have appropriate treatment or improvement, leading to more serious disease changes.

4. How dangerous are complications?

Although fatty liver does not have many dangerous symptoms, if not treated early it can lead to many complications, especially for severe patients.
When severe fatty liver is not treated, it can easily lead to cirrhosis due to damaged liver cells. At the same time, cirrhosis can quickly turn into liver cancer.

Not only does it cause liver diseases, but patients with severe fatty liver can suffer from diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis, fatty blood, etc., increasing the risk of stroke and blockage. blood vessel.

5. Treatment methods

For severe fatty liver, drug treatment as prescribed by the doctor is mandatory after examination to confirm the condition. Helps reduce excess fat while preventing dangerous complications. However, for fatty liver patients in general, in addition to treatment with specific medications, it is necessary to combine some home methods such as:

* A healthy diet with foods rich in fiber and low in fat. fried, enhanced with beneficial fats from avocados, nuts, and beans. At the same time, supplement the necessary vitamins and minerals to increase the body's resistance.
* Supplement foods rich in omega 3 such as salmon, mackerel, chia seeds, walnuts, soybeans,... or you can supplement with pills, but you need to consult your doctor before use
* The habit of exercising regularly every day for at least 30 minutes by jogging, walking, playing sports, cardio,... to help consume energy, increase fat loss and eliminate toxins through the body sweat gland.
* Limiting alcohol and tobacco is mandatory for people with fatty liver or being treated for liver-related diseases.

In addition to drug treatment and changes in daily living habits, regular check-ups every 6 months are also a solution to help monitor health to promptly detect problems in the body.

What Is Fatty Liver Disease? - GoodRx

Regularly check your health to diagnose fatty liver early