Pelvic Fractures And Treatment Methods

Pelvic Fractures And Treatment Methods

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1. Symptoms Of Pelvic Fracture

The pelvis is large and plays an important role in supporting the upper part of the body. Therefore, when the pelvis is broken, the patient's mobility will be greatly affected.

Pelvic fractures can be classified as follows:
* Stable fractures: These are cases where a fracture occurs in the skeleton but the ends of the broken bones are not displaced.
* Unstable fractures: These are cases where there are 2 or more fractures in the pelvic area, and at the same time, the ends of the broken bones may be displaced. The cause of this situation may be huge external forces.

Besides, like fractures in many other locations, pelvic fractures can be classified into two types: closed fractures and open fractures. In which:
* Closed fracture is a condition in which the pelvis is broken but no skin damage occurs.
* An open fracture is a broken bone accompanied by skin damage. These cases are often more serious because there is a risk of infection due to skin wounds.

Depending on the location of the fracture, corresponding symptoms may occur. Specifically:
* Pelvic fracture: Patients experience severe pain and reduced mobility. Along with that, nearby organs are also at risk of damage, such as bladder rupture, ureter rupture, damage to the vagina, uterus, etc. X-ray images can clearly show the condition. Fracture of the anterior arch, posterior arch, or dislocation of the pubic symphysis and sacroiliac joint.
* Fracture of the pelvic wall or pelvic edge: In these cases, the patient will not be able to bend the thigh into the abdomen. The pain is very intense. X-ray images clearly show fractures of the anterior superior and anterior inferior iliac spines, or fractures along the iliac wings, transverse coccyx fractures, etc.
* Acetabular fracture: The patient has a lot of pain in the hip joint, not Can stand and cannot move joints. When taking an X-ray, the location of the fracture can be clearly identified. It can be a fracture of the upper edge, lower edge of the acetabulum or acetabular bottom fracture, etc.

2. How Dangerous Is A Pelvic Fracture?

Pelvic fractures are a very complex problem. If not treated promptly and properly, it can cause many dangerous complications, including:
* Causes serious damage to the musculoskeletal system, and can greatly affect the muscles. organs inside the pelvis.
* When the pelvis is damaged, the patient is at high risk of pubic symphysis dislocation or sacrum fracture.
* Causes damage to the urinary system, especially the urethra and bladder. The reason is because these organs are close to the pelvic area. This is one of the very dangerous complications.
* Affects the genital organs: The genital organs are located inside the pelvic area. Therefore, a pelvic fracture can have a great impact, even cause serious damage to these organs, especially the vagina, uterus and ovaries.
* Causes rectal damage: Some cases of pelvic fracture lead to infection in the rectum, which can lead to death if the patient is not detected and treated promptly.

3. Pelvic Fracture Treatment Methods

Pelvic fracture treatment is a very complex process. However, not every case requires surgery. Depending on each case, the doctor will choose an appropriate treatment regimen. Below are some common treatment methods:

Conservative treatment: These are cases that do not require surgery. Usually, conservative treatment will be appropriate for some cases of stable fractures, or the broken bone is not displaced too much. Specific treatment methods are as follows:
* The patient will use walking aids to minimize body weight on the legs, such as using crutches or a walker. These tools should be used until the bone is completely healed.
* Using medication: Medicines often prescribed by doctors are pain relievers or anticoagulants with the purpose of reducing the risk of blood clots in the veins and pelvic area.

Surgical treatment: Often applied to patients with displaced fractures. Patients even need to undergo multiple surgeries to correct broken bones. Commonly applied surgical methods are:
* Doctors will make small incisions and then use some external support devices such as metal splints or screws to pierce the skin and muscles to fix the problem. Reposition the broken bone.
* Open surgery and internal fixation: Doctors will perform surgery to restore broken or displaced bones to the correct position, then use supporting tools such as screws or metal plates. to fix it again.
However, pelvic fracture surgery, like other surgical methods, always has certain risks. Doctors will analyze this issue with the patient and the patient's family before deciding to perform surgery.

Thus, pelvic fracture is a complex problem that can affect many different organs in the body. The treatment process is also very difficult and complicated and the patient will need a lot of time to recover. Therefore, when discovering a broken pelvis, the patient should quickly be taken to a medical facility for timely diagnosis and treatment to minimize the risk of complications.