Newborn Care Handbook That Parents Need To Have

Newborn Care Handbook That Parents Need To Have

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1. Parents Should Pay Special Attention To The Baby's Body Temperature And Breathing

1.1. Body Temperature

If the temperature is measured in the armpit, the child's average normal body temperature will be between 36.5 - 37.2 degrees Celsius. When this index is low, the child is at high risk of pneumonia, and if the body temperature is low, the child is at high risk of pneumonia, and if the body temperature is low, the child's High temperature means the child has a fever.
To keep children's body temperature at a stable level, parents should let them lie in a cool room that receives a lot of natural light in the summer. In winter, children's bedrooms need to be airtight. In addition, parents should not dress their newborns in too many thick clothes or wrap them too tightly as this will increase body temperature and make it difficult to detect abnormalities in the child's body. Please follow these steps if your child is having problems with body temperature:

* If the child's body temperature is above 37.5 degrees Celsius: parents should loosen the clothes, let the child lie in a well-ventilated area, and apply a compress. warmth in the forehead, armpit, groin;
* If the baby's body temperature is below 36 degrees Celsius: hug the baby, skin-to-skin with the mother and warm the baby.

1.2. Respiration

On average, a child's breathing rate changes with each age, specifically:

* Newborns (under 2 months old): tachypnea is when the breathing rate is > 60 times/minute;
* Children from 2 months to 12 months old: tachypnea is when the breathing rate is > 50 times/minute;
* Children from 1 year to 5 years old: tachypnea is when the breathing rate is > 40 times/minute.

If your child is breathing rapidly combined with symptoms such as wheezing, irregular breathing, chest constriction, etc., quickly take your child to the doctor.
Premature babies are more likely to experience symptoms of apnea (usually lasting less than 15 seconds), so whenever the baby shows this symptom, parents should hug the baby and use the skin-to-skin method to stimulate the baby to breathe again. Normal If the child continues to have shortness of breath or stops breathing for more than 15 seconds or his skin turns blue, parents should take the child to the emergency room immediately.
In case your child has sneezing, runny nose, or stuffy nose, drop the child's nose with warm physiological saline every day. If this condition persists for a long time with no signs of improvement, parents should take their children to see a doctor. Absolutely do not arbitrarily give medicine to children.

2. Handbook For Daily Care Of Newborns

2.1. How To Feed Babies

For newborns, the most valuable source of nutrition is breast milk. Because this is the natural food source that is most easily adapted to the child's body, it helps strengthen the child's resistance and supports digestion. Therefore, medical experts recommend that infants be exclusively breastfed for at least the first 6 months of life.
Each child needs to be breastfed about 8 times a day, each feeding is 3 hours apart. In babies less than a month old, the need for nutrition is instinctive, so whenever the baby feels hungry, the mother should breastfeed the baby at that time. In the following months, the baby will gradually relax his feeding schedule. In case the mother is low on milk, add formula to the baby. Mothers should choose a reputable milk line with a clear brand and origin, suitable for your baby's age.
The volume of a newborn's stomach is quite small, so at first the baby will not be able to drink much. A few weeks after birth, the baby will feed every 1 - 2 hours, each feeding can last from 15 - 20 minutes (bottle feeding babies will be faster depending on the baby). Signs of a hungry baby are wiggling, crying and constantly smacking their mouth,...

2.2. Burping Your Baby

Because the baby's stomach is still horizontal and the cardia is not completely closed, it is easy for newborns to vomit after eating. Especially in premature babies who do not know how to combine the three reflexes of sucking, breathing and swallowing well, they often choke when eating. To improve this problem, mothers should only breastfeed their babies when they need them, do not force them to eat, and divide the sessions and amount of milk into smaller portions.
Burping helps limit the risk of vomiting and gastric reflux for your baby. After completing a feeding, keep your baby's head higher than his body, then burp him. At this time, the mother should slowly pick up the baby, the baby's belly is pressed against the mother's chest, the chin rests on the mother's shoulder, the mother holds the baby with one hand, the other hand is cupped and gently pats the baby's back. Do this for 10-15 minutes. Burping sounds can be heard coming from the baby's mouth.

2.3. How To Put Your Baby To Sleep

A child's sleeping environment needs to be a quiet, clean, airy place in the summer and cozy in the winter. For babies born at full term and at full weight, the bedroom should maintain a temperature of 28 degrees Celsius. When it's hot, you need to turn on the air conditioner, but parents should not let the room temperature be too low because the baby will get sick. colds, and should not be set too high as it will make the child feel hot and uncomfortable, sweat a lot and have difficulty sleeping.
Before going to bed, children need to clean their bodies, eat well, talk to parents, exercise gently, etc. These activities will help the baby fall asleep more easily. Parents also know that if their children have a good night's sleep, both their physical and mental health will be fully developed.
Newborns who do not yet know how to roll over should be placed on their backs to sleep, avoiding the prone position which will cause the baby to suffocate - one of the causes of sudden infant death syndrome. Do not add stuffed animals or pillows around the crib or where the baby lies because during sleep these objects can press on the baby's face.

2.4. How To Care For Your Baby's Skin

Baby's skin is very fragile and sensitive, so parents need to pay attention to the following when caring for their baby's skin:

* Dress your baby in soft, sweat-absorbent fabrics. foul, not elaborately decorated with strings;
* Laundry detergent should be specifically for infants to prevent children from being irritated by adult soap;
* Change diapers regularly to avoid diaper rash. Regarding diapers, mothers should choose thin and light ones, with soft and smooth surface, good absorbency, and when changing diapers, remember to clean the baby's private area;
* Use a gentle shower gel, one specifically for newborns with a low pH suitable for baby's skin;
* Bathing and dry weather can easily cause children's skin to peel and crack. So every day, remember to apply moisturizer to your baby's entire body.

Labor is a difficult process for mothers, and is also a "moving house" that marks an important development in the lives of babies. Leaving the mother's womb, children with little survival capital and a weak immune system have to adapt to the outside environment on their own, so they need the caring hands of their parents. Therefore, we hope that the newborn care handbook that StrongBody has just shared will partly convey to parents the basic knowledge necessary in the journey of caring for and raising their children.