Is A Broken Ankle Dangerous And How To Treat It?

Is A Broken Ankle Dangerous And How To Treat It?

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1. What Is A Broken Ankle?

1.1. Structure And Function Of The Ankle

The ankle includes the inner ankle and outer ankle. In which:
* The inner ankle belongs to the lower end of the tibia.
* The outer ankle is the lower end of the fibula and is about 1cm lower than the ankle.

The structure of the ankle is very complex because it is closely related to the tibia, fibula in the lower leg and talus in the foot.

1.2. Functions Of The Ankle

The ankle can bear the weight of the entire body. This is a very important part, supporting the function of the lower limbs. The flexible movement of the foot (pronation and supination) is due to the system of joints and ligaments in the ankle area.

1.3. What Is A Broken Ankle?

An ankle fracture or rupture is a break or rupture of the inner or outer ankle. There are many different types of fractures, which can be displaced or non-displaced. In some cases, not only are there simple bone fractures, but the patient's ankle ligaments are also damaged to varying degrees.
Ankle fractures with ankle dislocations are very serious. If not treated promptly, the patient will be at risk of losing the ability to move the ankle, greatly affecting future activities and work.

2. Causes Of Broken Ankles

Broken ankles often occur because this area is subjected to too strong an external force. Below are the most common causes:

Due to missing steps and falling: While moving, loss of balance can cause you to miss steps and fall. This causes great pressure on the ankle and causes the ankle to break.
Factors that increase the risk of missing steps and falls include wearing shoes that are the wrong size, walking on rough roads, and walking in the dark. When the foot lands incorrectly, the ankle can twist and break.

High impact force: When you jump incorrectly, you can cause great pressure on your ankle and lead to a fracture.

Playing sports: Many cases of ankle fractures are caused by playing sports. Sports that require frequent and intense movements will cause great pressure on the ankles. If you do not exercise according to the correct procedure and technique, you will be at risk of bone fractures. Some sports have a high risk of leading to broken ankles such as soccer, volleyball or baseball,... and many others.

Traffic accidents: Strong and sudden collisions that occur when participating in traffic increase the risk of ankle fractures and bring many other health risks. Normally, injuries from traffic accidents are very serious and require surgical treatment.

3. Subjects at high risk of ankle fracture

Anyone can break an ankle, but the following cases are considered to be at higher risk:
* People who play sports that require high intensity training, especially sports has antagonistic properties that cause direct effects on bones and joints.
* People who do not use sports equipment correctly or do not exercise correctly.
* Cases of wearing shoes that do not fit your feet.
* Do not warm up before exercising.
* Performing high-intensity physical activities suddenly. Whether you exercise or play sports, you need to apply a scientific and reasonable exercise regimen. You should avoid suddenly increasing the frequency or duration of exercise to avoid the risk of injury leading to bone fractures.
* Bone and joint diseases: If you have bone and joint diseases, such as osteoporosis, your risk of bone fractures will also be higher than other people.

4. Treatment Method For Ankle Fractures

When applying treatment to the ankle, it is necessary to follow the following principles:
* Restore the anatomical structure of the ankle and the stability of the tibiofibular neck frame Legs also need to be secured.
* Make sure no infection occurs during the bone healing process.
* Helps patients restore good function of the ankle joint and the whole body.

Apply specific treatment methods for each patient as follows:
* In cases of open fractures, it is necessary to debride and repair the fracture by bone fusion surgery. Bone fusion surgery can be using a screw or foam screw, and can use steel thread or kirschner nails.
* For closed fractures: Depending on each case, the following methods can be performed:
Casting the foot bone. A check-up X-ray is needed in 6 to 8 weeks. During this time, patients need to combine movement and light exercise according to the doctor's instructions. In case the X-ray results are not good, such as uneven joint space, wide split tibiofibular rim, channeled joint surface, broken fragments in the joint space, etc., the doctor may prescribe bone fusion surgery.
Surgery to combine bones and restore ligaments if an ankle fracture is accompanied by ligament damage.

In addition, patients also need physical therapy to speed up the process of recovering ankle joint function. Patients should:
* Exercise in powder. After 4 weeks, you can walk on your feet and bear part of your weight.
* Exercise after wearing a cast.
* Bone fusion surgery cases also need to practice as soon as possible.