Gynecological Suppositories: Classification, Functions And Uses

Gynecological Suppositories: Classification, Functions And Uses

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1. Classification Of Gynecological Suppositories
Below are common types of gynecological suppositories:

Gynecological suppositories containing estrogen:
Estrogen is a hormone produced by the endocrine system with the task of supporting moisturizing, softening and thickens the vaginal mucosa. When a woman's genitals secrete enough mucus, it will help "lubricate" sexual activity, thereby making sex more sublime and emotional.
In addition, glycogen synthesized by estrogen will stimulate the growth of lactic acid in the vaginal environment, from which beneficial bacteria can grow more conveniently, limiting the number of harmful bacteria.
In women entering menopause, the body will gradually reduce the production of the hormone estrogen, causing many obstacles to sexual activity, creating opportunities for disease-causing agents to easily penetrate the body genitals. Gynecological suppositories containing estrogen will be an effective solution for these cases.

Gynecological suppositories contain 1 antibiotic:
This type of suppository is effective in treating a pathogen. For example, Clotrimazole suppositories are effective in treating Candida fungus.

Gynecological suppositories contain many antibiotics:
If a woman has vaginitis due to infection with many types of bacteria, this is an atypical form of vaginitis. For such cases, the measure often prescribed by doctors is to use gynecological suppositories containing many antibiotics. This type has the effect of destroying different types of bacteria at the same time. However, patients should absolutely not abuse this medication because it can easily cause an imbalance in the vaginal environment, causing many unwanted side effects.
The general requirements for gynecological suppositories are to be made from soluble active ingredients, for topical use, and maintain a stable pH of 3.5 - 4.5 degrees in a negative environment. and does not cause irritation.

2. What are the uses of gynecological suppositories?

Gynecological suppositories are often prescribed to treat cases such as vaginal dryness, fungal infections, etc. How quickly the drug dissolves depends on the size and chemical structure of the drug. Depending on the purpose of use, gynecological suppositories have the following effects:

Contraceptive effects:
For birth control, vaginal suppositories contain spermicide and work by the following 2 mechanisms:
* Destroys sperm, preventing these sperm from entering the uterus;
* Creates a foam that covers the entrance to the cervix to prevent sperm from passing through.
At least 10 minutes before having sex, women need to place the birth control pill into the cervix so that the pill has time to dissolve, thereby maximizing its effectiveness.
However, the medicine is not absolutely effective in all cases. There are still women who, despite using gynecological pills to prevent pregnancy properly, still get pregnant. This rate increases in people who use drugs incorrectly.

Improve vaginal dryness:
People with hormonal disorders, prolonged stress, using intimate cleaning solutions with too high a pH or entering menopause,... are all susceptible. experiencing vaginal dryness. Gynecological suppositories are a solution to help overcome this condition, especially in women who do not respond to hormone replacement therapy.

Ability of gynecological suppositories to treat fungal infections:
Yeast infection or vaginal yeast infection is a common disease in women. The causative agent is mainly due to infection with Candida albicans fungal spores. Treatment for vaginal yeast infections is usually using natural suppositories or over-the-counter vaginal suppositories.

3. How to use gynecological suppositories effectively and safely

Vaginitis is easy to recognize thanks to typical symptoms. To diagnose the disease, women need to perform a vaginal examination and test vaginal secretions. Once the cause of the disease has been found, the doctor will prescribe the patient to use the appropriate type of gynecological suppository.

Instructions for using gynecological suppositories:

For tablets: for example, tergenan, the drug is a bit hard and takes a long time to dissolve. Therefore, follow the manufacturer's instructions to dip the medicine in water for about 20 - 30 seconds to moisten the medicine, then place it on a clean gauze pad and insert it into the vagina;

For egg tablets or bullet-shaped suppositories: because the medicine is soft and dissolves easily, you just need to put it directly into the vagina without soaking the medicine in water;

How to apply medicine: wash your hands thoroughly. Use two fingers to pinch the pill in the middle and then slowly insert the pill into the vaginal opening. Next, use the tip of one finger to push the medicine deep inside. You should lie on your back in a half-lying, half-sitting position, or put one leg on a chair when applying the medicine, it will be easier to manipulate.

During medication use, patients need to pay attention to the following issues:

* Use enough and correct dosage. Each course of medication usually lasts from 7 to 10 days, and should not be used for more than 14 days. In case you have used it as prescribed but the disease does not improve, you can talk to your doctor to change the medicine;
* Avoid overuse: because the ability of gynecological suppositories to kill fungi and pathogenic microorganisms is very high. Therefore, patients should not take the drug for a long time because it can easily lead to the risk of drug resistance. In addition, if a woman has physiological vaginal discharge or the vaginitis is a child (not due to bacterial infection), it is not necessary to use suppositories;
* The risk of recurrence of vaginitis is very high, so for first-time cases, a specific, low-cost, moderately effective drug should be used. Only when the patient does not respond to the medicine will they switch to stronger medicine at a higher cost;
* When to apply the medicine: because the medicine will easily wash out if you put it in during the day, so use it at night right before going to bed. Once booked, you can lie down and rest. During the process of treating vaginitis with gynecological suppositories, you should abstain from sexual intercourse to avoid the risk of spreading infection;
* Sometimes gynecological inflammation can cause you to have an allergic reaction. If the symptoms are only mild, treatment can still be continued. In case of severe allergy, stop taking the medication and notify your doctor to change to another medication.

Hopefully the basic notes mentioned above will help you better understand the uses and how to use gynecological suppositories.