Classification And Uses Of Laxatives

Classification And Uses Of Laxatives

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1. What Types Of Laxatives Are There?

Laxatives are produced in many different forms, such as capsules, tablets, enemas, suppositories or liquids. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. Specifically as follows:

1.1. Lubricating Laxatives

These drugs help make stools more slippery and easier to move through the intestinal tract. The product contains mineral oil to help lubricate the intestinal wall and make stool less dry. Although the medicine is highly effective and quick, it should only be used for a short time. If used for a long time, mineral oil will limit the effectiveness of other prescription medications and hinder the body's absorption of vitamins. In addition, you should absolutely not use laxatives in parallel with other medications.

What is the best laxative for constipation caused by medication?

There are many different types of laxatives

1.2. Laxatives That Increase Stool Volume

These laxatives will provide fiber in the form of psyllium, methylcellulose fiber, wheat dextrin, calcium polycarbophil. As we know, fiber helps improve constipation, through the mechanism of increasing water content and stool volume, promoting stool to pass through the colon quickly.

In addition to the medications mentioned above, you can supplement fiber through vegetables, fruits and cereals. However, if you consume too much fiber, it can cause bloating, gas, abdominal cramps, and reduce the absorption of active ingredients in some medications. Therefore, remember to drink enough water when using laxatives and eating fiber, and the medicine needs to be taken at least 1 hour before eating and 2 hours after eating fiber.

1.3. Osmotic Laxatives

Osmotic laxatives include magnesium hydroxide, lucatose, Fleet Phospho-Soda, polyethylene glycol, lactitol. These are hydrating agents that have the ability to draw fluid from surrounding tissues into the intestines. When the intestines contain more water, the stool will be softer and easier to expel.
Note that while using this medication, you need to drink more water to not only help with laxation but also reduce symptoms of cramps and bloating.

1.4. Stool Softening Laxatives

Stool softening laxatives will usually require you to wait about a week or longer to take effect. The drug is indicated for women who have just given birth, patients who need to recover after surgery or people with hemorrhoids.

1.5. Prescription Laxatives

Guanylate cyclase-C agonist laxatives have a mechanism of action that is to increase the amount of water in the digestive tract, increase intestinal motility, thereby changing the consistency of stool. Plecanatide is often prescribed for cases of irritable bowel syndrome with constipation or chronic idiopathic constipation.
The medicine is not recommended for children under 6 years old. Although the effectiveness of the drug in supporting the digestive function of the intestine cannot be denied, the drug can cause diarrhea and severe dehydration in patients.

1.6. Stimulant Laxatives

If you want quick relief from constipation, stimulant laxatives are the right choice. This medication helps stimulate the intestinal mucosa, promoting stool to move through the colon faster, and also helps increase the hydration of the stool. Common stimulant laxatives are Sennosides and Bisacodyl.

However, do not use too many stimulant laxatives because they can impair the body's natural bowel function, leading to the risk of dependence on new drugs over time. can defecate. In addition, the drug also has side effects of diarrhea and cramps.

2. Possible Side Effects When Using Laxatives

Using laxatives incorrectly or not as prescribed can seriously disrupt intestinal motility function, typically paralytic ileus, irritable bowel syndrome, catalytic colon, pancreatitis and several other conditions. Therefore, patients need to use laxatives as directed by their doctor. In case you have chronic constipation, you need to see a digestive doctor before looking to buy laxatives.

Many pregnant women experience constipation. If a woman has actively adjusted her lifestyle and diet but it is not effective, the doctor may prescribe bulk-forming laxatives or stool softeners. But pregnant mothers need to remember to drink plenty of water while taking the medicine because it can cause dehydration and the active ingredient in the medicine contains a lot of salt.

3. Some Important Notes When Using Laxatives To Treat Constipation.

Here are some tips for those who are using laxatives to treat constipation:

* Follow the instructions for use from your doctor and manufacturer. export. Do not exceed the recommended dosage or duration;
* Provide enough water every day, especially when using laxatives to avoid dehydration due to medication;
* In case your constipation does not improve after using laxatives, go see your doctor again to find out the cause. Because constipation can be a sign of a dangerous disease such as hypothyroidism, diabetes or even colon cancer. At this time, it is necessary to focus on completely treating the cause of the disease to overcome constipation symptoms;
* Adopt a healthy diet with green vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, and cut down on fat;
* Regularly exercise, move your body, avoid sitting for too long in one place.

How Much Water Should You Drink a Day | University Hospitals

When using laxatives, patients need to drink enough water every day to avoid dehydration.

Thus, the article has provided some information about laxatives. Although these medications can be effective in relieving constipation, they also carry the risk of serious side effects if not used properly.