7 Common Bacterial Skin Infections

7 Common Bacterial Skin Infections

Super Admin

1. Overview Of Bacterial Skin Infections

Bacterial skin infections are a relatively common medical condition. They can be divided into: skin and soft tissue infections along with acute skin infections and skin structure infections.
The main cause of the disease is staphylococcus and streptococcus. When these types of bacteria attack the skin, they will harm and affect the skin and related structures.
If patients encounter skin infections caused by bacteria, they need to undergo treatment to avoid creating conditions for bacteria to attack the deep cell layers of the skin. It can even enter the bloodstream and infect other organs, endangering health and life.

2. Some Common Bacterial Skin Infections
Here are some common bacterial skin infections you should know:

2.1. Cellulitis

Among bacterial skin infections, cellulitis is a common disease caused by staphylococcus or group A streptococcus bacteria. Besides, other factors such as poor skin hygiene, Living in crowded environments, having skin contact with infected surfaces or sick people, etc. will also increase the risk of being infected with disease-causing bacteria.
Patients facing this disease will often experience symptoms of sudden redness, swelling, and pain in an area of ​​skin on the body, and may be accompanied by blistering on the surface of that skin area. Normal skin can also be attacked by bacteria; When the skin is damaged, it becomes more susceptible to disease.
Regarding treatment, patients will be given antibiotics for 5 - 10 days or 14 days for severe cases.

2.2. Folliculitis

This is a disease that occurs before a bacterial attack on the patient's skin pores. Folliculitis is quite common with skin locations on the body usually on the back, legs, arms, buttocks, etc. Although not dangerous, the disease can cause pain, itching, discomfort, and impact on aesthetics. In severe cases, scarring can occur when hair falls out.
Signs of the disease are when there are many red spots on the skin; These spots may have pus, hair growing between them and spreading as they progress. With this skin infection, the patient should use antibiotic ointment to control the disease and if mild, it will heal after about 1 - 2 weeks.
In addition, there is also folliculitis caused by hot tub bathing with the pathogen Pseudomonas Aeruginosa. This is another special form of this pathology.

2.3. Erysipelas

The main culprit leading to erysipelas is group A streptococcus bacteria. This disease can appear in both adults and children with deep damage to the dermis layer of the skin.
In terms of symptoms, erysipelas can cause the patient's skin to become blistered, red, swollen, and hot. Symptoms of the disease are similar to cellulitis, but it affects many different layers of skin structures on the body. The doctor will prescribe the patient to use antibiotics to treat erysipelas.

2.4. Impetigo

This is a disease caused by the attack of Streptococcus or Staphylococcus bacteria. Young children are common victims of impetigo and when children come into contact with each other in kindergarten or school, the disease will easily spread.
When suffering from impetigo, the patient will see red ulcers filled with fluid appear around the mouth and nose areas. Through the inflammatory stage, they will burst, ooze fluid, and a yellow-brown skin covering will be created. If treatment is not performed early, the patient will face a serious infection, more serious than sepsis.
With this disease, the doctor will give the patient an antibiotic ointment or cream to apply directly to the skin area attacked by bacteria.

2.5. Ulcers

Ulcers are bacterial skin infections mainly caused by Staphylococcus bacteria. This disease occurs deep inside the skin, causing inflammation and pus accumulating into large blocks.
The size of the ulcer ranges from a small pea to a medium-sized mushroom. The larger its size, the more severe the infection becomes. To treat ulcers, it is necessary to drain pus and clean and disinfect.

2.6. Methicillin-resistant

Staphylococcus aureus infection This is a disease caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. It is a type of bacteria that is resistant to some antibiotics and can be easily transmitted through skin contact.
Patients often have the appearance of many red skin lumps like boils on the skin, and will have symptoms such as fever, chills, difficulty breathing, fatigue, etc. In case of not performing treatment, it will lead to to infections of bones, joints, blood vessels, heart valves, and lungs when bacteria penetrate deep inside the body.

2.7. Descendant

The causative agent of the disease is staphylococcus bacteria, which often attacks moist skin areas such as the nose, mouth, thighs, armpits, etc. This disease causes tumors of varying sizes to appear. from a lentil to an average mushroom filled with pus. When touching them, it can cause pain.
For treatment, the patient will be prescribed oral or topical antibiotics by the doctor. Along with that, also perform daily cleaning and bathing with antibacterial soaps and shower gels.